CONSEQUENCES OF THE BATTLE OF ALMANSA

 

The direct consequences of the battle of Almansa were the almost complete destruction of the ally army in the East and the recovery for the Two Crowns of the kingdoms of Murcia, Valencia and Aragón. Although the fight in the peninsula would even last 7 years and both sides would suffer defeats, the cause of Felipe V took since then the initiative of the war.

 

Ruined by the war and the bad harvests, France impels the search of peace and retires to her support to Felipe V. The pro-austrian under the command of Starhemberg defeat the borbonics in Almenara in July of the 1709 and in Zaragoza in August and Carlos III re-enter Madrid. But the conditions of the allies to sign the peace include not only the retirement of the French support to Felipe V, but his armed collaboration to defeat him. Luis XIV breaks the negotiations and sends in 1710 marshal Vendome with an army to Spain. Starhemberg retires towards Barcelona and is defeated in the battles of Brihuega and Villaviciosa.

 

The definitive blow for the Austrian cause arrives in 1711 with the death of the emperor Jose I, being crowned Carlos as new emperor. The rest of the allied fear a union under the same crown of Spain and Austria as much as Spain and France. In the peninsula the troops of Felipe V besiege Barcelona. In 1713 the Treaty of Utrecht is signed by which Felipe V conserves Spain and its overseas colonies, England receives Gibraltar and Menorca, Saboya Sardinia and Austria Milan, Naples and the Spanish Netherlands.

 

 

 

 

 

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