THE BATTLE OF ALMANSA 1707

 

 

 

 

The 25 of April at three afternoon the borbonic batteries open fire on the allied army. Immediately the anglo-Dutch cavalry of the right flank crosses the stream of the Mill to silence it. The counterattack of the Guards of Corps, downhill, forces to them to retire, but the English infantry battalions who have been able to cross the stream reject them with their fire.

 

                             

 

In the centre, the allied infantry is able to force back the brigades of Castile, Burgos, Orleans and Couronne, leaving in an end the brigade of the Guard and in the other the one of Mailly. In wedge formation, the allied battalions break through until the second line, threatening to break the front.

 

                         

 

At the decisive moment of the battle, the Duke of Berwick releases the reserves to contain the centre while he orders to the brigades of the Guard and Mailly to turn themselves and to attack the enemy by flanks.

The first allied line finds herself surrounded and exhausted. His commander sends a message to the second line with the order of retreat.

 

                  

 

Meanwhile, in the right flank of the Two Crowns, the Duke of Berwick orders the brigade of Maine to neutralize the intercalated enemy infantry.

 

After a hard bayonet charge, the complete anglo-Dutch flank disintegrates. DŽAsfeld, commander of the borbonic cavalry in that flank, retains most of its troops and with these forces he attacks on the flank of the enemy centre.

 

 

 

 

At half past four the battle it is won for Berwick. The allied centre crumbles and in the right the Portuguese cavalry leaves the field fights before facing a sure death.

 

                           

 

Only the Portuguese infantry holds, attacked by the three sides, and tries to retire fighting. They will surrender all when falling the night.

 

 

 

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